Senses play a huge role in our everyday life. We rely on our sense 24/7 without even feeling it as they act in different forms. They work together to let the brain know what is going on. There is the traditional five senses model, credited by Aristotle: Sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste. But the human body exceeds theses five senses into several others including thermoception (heat, cold), nociception (pain), equilibrioception (balance, gravity), and proprioception (body awareness). (Shiobara, 2017) As human beings, we sometimes overlook the idea of senses and forget to be grateful and blessed for having all of them. Different people rely heavily on different senses, for example, as an artist, I rely on sight as my main sense as I am a visual person. My thoughts and works are a different interpretation of what I have already observed. As for a chef, his sense of taste is equally as important to my vision.
What about the people who lost one of their senses? How do they cope? I believed that if one sense has been taken away, another sense would generally be stronger than normal people.
If someone was visually impaired, how can they go on with their daily life? Louis Braille, a Frenchman who lost his sight as a result of a childhood accident, developed a code at the age 15 of the French alphabet. This code is a system of raised dots that can be read with the fingers by people who are blind or who have low vision. (Braille, 1824) Another example is Tactile paving, a system of textured ground surface found on stairs, chairs, footpaths and train platforms to assists pedestrians who are visually impaired. It was developed by Seiichi Miyake in 1965 in Japan, which then took over the world. (nidirect, 2017) John Bramblit, Known as the blind painter, lost his sight in 2001 due to complications with epilepsy and Lyme’s disease. He replaced an artist vision sense with his touch, where he would paint based on the map he made using raised paint, called haptic visualisation. He learned how to tell different colours apart by feeling the different textures. (Bramblitt, 2017)
Therefore, if one has lost one of their senses, they learn how to live without it. Helen Keller, born on June 27, 1880, was affected by an illness that left her blind, deaf and mute at the age of two. She grew up unable to communicate or understand until the Beginning of 1887 when Anne Sullivan helped her progress her ability to talk. (Biography.com, 2017) Sullivan spelled letters out on Keller’s hand using sign language; She taught her words and created connections with the object. She would place her hand on Sullivan’s face to learn how the words are pronounced, which led her to speak. Keller later went on to college and graduated in 1904. Her story shows how she learned to speak by using her other senses that were still left.
Shiobara, D. (2017). Our nine senses? Exactly what is a sense, anyway?. [online] Dossy.org. Available at: http://dossy.org/2006/07/our-nine-senses-exactly-what-is-a-sense-anyway/ [Accessed 8 Oct. 2017].
Braille, L. (1824). What Is Braille? – American Foundation for the Blind. [online] Afb.org. Available at: http://www.afb.org/info/living-with-vision-loss/braille/what-is-braille/123 [Accessed 8 Oct. 2017].
nidirect. (2017). Pedestrian facilities for people with visual impairment | nidirect. [online] Available at: https://www.nidirect.gov.uk/articles/pedestrian-facilities-people-visual-impairment [Accessed 8 Oct. 2017].
Bramblitt. (2017). The Artist. [online] Available at: https://bramblitt.com/pages/about-us [Accessed 8 Oct. 2017].
Bored Panda. (2015). Blind Painter Uses Touch And Texture To Create Incredibly Colorful Paintings. [online] Available at: https://www.boredpanda.com/blind-painter-john-bramblitt/ [Accessed 8 Oct. 2017].
Fred Coe (1962). The Miracle Worker /Young Helen Keller, blind and deaf since infancy due to a severe case of scarlet fever, is frustrated by her inability to communicate and subject to frequent violent and uncontrollable outbursts as a result. Unable to deal with her, her terrified and helpless parents contact the Perkins School for the Blind for assistance. In response they send Anne Sullivan, a former student, to the Keller home to tutor her. What ensues is a battle of wills as Anne breaks down Helen’s walls of silence and darkness through persistence, love, and sheer stubbornness. In the midst of the battle, Anne ultimately teaches Helen to make a connection between her hand signs and the objects in Helen’s world for which they stand.. [image] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-3kqkHT3HzM [Accessed 8 Oct. 2017].
Biography.com. (2017). Helen Keller. [online] Available at: https://www.biography.com/people/helen-keller-9361967 [Accessed 8 Oct. 2017].